Tourism in Morocco News Reviews

Morocco

Coastal nation of NW Africa, bordered by Algeria on the E, Mauritania on the S, the Atlantic Ocean on the W, and the Mediterranean Sea on the N. Morocco’s early inhabitants were Berber farmers living in small tribal units. Circa 1000 b.c. Phoenicians from Tyre established a coastal trading presence here. Carthage, founded by the Phoenicians, succeeded them and settled several trading posts along the Mediterranean coastline. Present Morocco was part of the old kingdom of Mauretania and was within the sphere of influence of Rome. Though the capital appears to have been at Opar, the city of Tingis, now Tangier, was of major importance. The country became the Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana in a.d. 40 and remained under Roman rule until the Vand al invasion of 429.

Morocco was brought under the control of the Byzantine Empire during the sixth century a.d. but fell to the irresistible wave of Arab Muslim conquest that began in 682. In 788 Idris I founded a small Arab kingdom around the former Roman capital of Volubilis. After his death in 793 his successor, Idris II, shifted the seat of government to the city of Fes. From the 11th through the 14th centuries Morocco was ruled by Berber dynasties. Under the Almoravid and Almohad caliphates, a Moroccan empire spread across all of North Africa and included Muslim Spain. By 1268, however, when the Beni Merin took power, all imperial ambitions ended, and Spain was escaping Muslim control. However, the influx of Spanish Muslim art and architecture enriched Morocco during this time. Magnificent mosques, gateways, and minarets were built in Fes, Marrakech, and Rabat.

In the late 15th century Portugal and Spain captured Morocco’s port cities and held the coast. But by the late 16th century a resurgent Morocco had regained most of the coast and had extended its rule to the bend of the Niger River, destroying the great Songhai Empire and capturing control of the West African gold trade. However, by the 19th century Morocco’s once powerful armies found themselves hopelessly antiquated and powerless as France, Great Britain, and Spain pressed their colonial ambitions on the country.

In 1912 Morocco was made a protectorate entirely under French administration except for a small Spanish territory in the N. Rebellion flared in the 1920s, but a strong independence movement did not emerge until the 1950s. In 1956 Morocco became an independent monarchy led by Mohammed V. His successor, Hassan II, consolidated his absolute monarchical power. In 1976 the oil-rich territory of the Spanish Sahara in the SW was taken over jointly with Mauritania. In 1979 Mauritania renounced its interest in the face of bitter guerrilla fighting for Saharan liberation, and Morocco assumed full control of the region. In 1988 Algeria and Morocco normalized diplomatic relations, and Algeria cut off support for the Posisario rebels in the Spanish Sahara. In 1991 Morocco and the Polisario agreed to a cease-fire. King Hassan died in 1999 and was succeeded by his son Crown Prince Sidi Mohammed, as Mohammed VI. In 2002 Morocco occupied an uninhabited islet off Ceuta that is claimed by Spain. After Spanish forces removed the Moroccans, both sides agreed to leave the islet unoccupied.

Introduction of Tafilalt - Saharan oasis in Ksar es-Souk province, stretching 30 mi along the Ziz River, S of the High Atlas Mts, S Morocco. The old capital of the oasis was the Berber stronghold of Sijilmassa, which was founded on a Saharan caravan route in a.d. 757. It became a prosperous city but was destroyed in 1363 and again in 1818 by Ait Atta nomads. Although the French occupied it after 1917, they did not completely subjugate the region until the 1930s. Today the oasis is the site of fortified villages and palm groves.


     

Morocco in photos

Explore every corner in Morocco

14 truly amazing places you must visit in Morocco

Famous places to travel with highest rating


Kranj, Slovenia

Vantaa, Finland

Portsmouth, Dominica

Paarl, South Africa

Namibe, Angola

places of interest you must visit

Travel news

the largest aquarium in the largest city of canada

Yesterday in one of the largest cities in Canada happened a joyous occasion. It was in Toronto that opened the largest aquarium in the country under the name of Ripley's Aquarium. ... read more

bikini will be outlawed in goa

Bikini on the beaches of Goa will soon be banned. This was told by one of the Ministers of the government of the Indian state of Sudin Dhavlikar. He took the initiative to ban women walking on the lo... read more

the first pan asian restaurant at the copacabana palace

In one of the most expensive hotels Rio de Janeiro called the Copacabana Palace in the near future will open a new restaurant rather exotic pan-Asian cuisine. To accommodate it on the seafront of Cop... read more

opened a new mandarin oriental hotel in guangzhou

In Guangzhou opened a new five-star hotel Mandarin Oriental, located on the upper floors of the TaiKoo Hui. ... read more

started swimming season in israel

In Israel today officially begins the swimming season is from April 20 to October 12, rescuers work at 140 beaches in the country. According to statistics of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Israe... read more