Tourism in Sri Lanka News Reviews

Sri Lanka

Independent island state in the Indian Ocean, just S of the S tip of India, with its capital at Colombo. Inhabited originally by aboriginal Veddas, it was conquered in the sixth century b.c. by the Sinhalese, whose capital at Anuradhapura became one of the chief world centers of Buddhism after the third century b.c. The island suffered many Hindu Tamil invasions from India, and the Tamils still form a large element in the population. It was visited in the 12th and 13th centuries a.d. by Arabs, attracted by the island’s spices.

The Travels of John Mand eville, written in the late Middle Ages, cited Taprobane as the source of immense wealth. In Europe the existence of a large island or group of island s south of India, called Taprobane, was known to the soldiers of Alexand er the Great. Under the Seleucids a mission actually reached southern India and recorded the island . It appears as a huge island in Ptolemy’s geography of the second century a.d.

Ceylon was therefore avidly sought by Renaissance Europeans and was settled in 1505 by the Por- tuguese, in 1658 by the Dutch, and in 1796 by the British. It became a British Crown colony in 1798 and was granted independence on February 4, 1948.

Armed rebellion against the government of Mrs. Band aranaike broke out in April 1971 but was quelled with foreign aid. Ceylon became the Republic of Sri Lanka on May 22, 1972. Economic decline and corruption have plagued the nation. In elections held in 1977 Junius Richard Jayawardene defeated Band aranaike to become president, naming Ranasinghe Premadasa prime minister. In the 1980s the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam began a full-scale guerrilla war against the Sri Lankan army in the north and east, while Sinhalese student radicals assassinated government officials whom they believed were too soft on the Tamils. In 1987, India sent 42,000 troops to NE Sri Lanka. The Indian troops fought for a year and were asked to withdraw by the newly elected president Ramasinghe Premadasa in 1988.

In 1990, the fighting with the Tigers resumed and in 1993, Premadasa was assassinated in a suicide bombing. In 1995, the government troops in a largescale offensive captured the Tamil stronghold of Jaffna. The government has continued to be in crisis with battles and negotiations with the Tigers as well as heavy damage and loss of life in 2004 by the Indian Ocean tsunami from Sumatra.


     

Sri Lanka in photos

Explore every corner in Sri Lanka

6 truly amazing places you must visit in Sri Lanka

Famous places to travel with highest rating


Novi Pazar, Serbia

Garissa, Kenya

Zell Am See, Austria

Shah Alam, Malaysia

Dornbirn, Austria

places of interest you must visit

Travel news

roatan has become unsafe for tourists

The Norwegian Cruise Line ships will make a stop in Roatán this week. Unfortunately, the explanation of this was very sad. on 6 April one of the crew members died during the attack of robbers. Curre... read more

snow is a gift to the egyptians for christmas

Just a few days ago, the world was shocked by the photos, which were captured by the famous Egyptian pyramids, completely covered with snow. Some seriously thought that it was a Christmas joke, but i... read more

venetian tourists have to leave noisy suitcases at home

Residents of Venice spoke negatively about the tourists, but rather on their suitcases. Yes, indeed they are quite convenient and are popular among tourists, but people make too much noise due to the... read more

lima sightseeing by tram and bus amphibian

Tourists who prefer to conquer undiscovered country or in which there is a large dominance tourists can rejoice in the news that came to us from Lima. It is here appeared first bus amphibian. Through... read more

englishmen do not trust mobile applications

The agency sunshine.co.uk carried out the next research, finding out habits of Englishmen and asking them a question - as they prefer to buy tours. ... read more